Working As a Wedding Planner

We have been working on this for a week, but of course we have competing pressures from different parts of the family. I was working on something else the other day when I realized that the mother of the bride wanted me to look into the cost of Toronto party bus rentals for the wedding reception. I was not really sure what the reasoning behind that was, but when I talked to her she was talking about the fact that they were going to serve alcohol and that they did not want to have people driving away from the reception drunk. Continue reading →

Giveways That Include a Night on a Party Bus

I was trying to think of some fun prize packages that we could give away at this winter’s company party. My husband and I started our company nearly 20 years ago, and we could not have made it where we are today without the help of all of our employees. Because of that, we always try to outdo ourselves with prizes that we give away. I started to think about things that I enjoy, and I remembered the last time I was on a Toronto party bus. It was just a few months ago, and I was on it because of a friend’s bachelorette party.

We had such fun, and I thought that might be a nice gift to give away. While we used it for her final days of being a single woman, I knew that others could use it for whatever they wanted. Continue reading →

One Hitch in the Preparation

In anticipation of the mad dash of parents trying to make their children’s night a perfect one, I prepared for my daughter’s prom early. I helped her pick out a dress, rent a limo, and even booked a hair salon appointment months in advance. Everything was set, until one thing happened that threw the entire plan out of place. The limo company had been shut down by the government because of illegal business practices. This happened days before the prom, so I scrambled to find a replacement limo, and stumbled upon http://paradisetorontolimo.ca, where I rented a new limo.

I guess no matter how much you prepare for something, there is still a chance that something can go wrong, so it’s best to have a backup plan. Continue reading →

I Went to a Bachelor Party

Of course I was not the one who was paying for any of this, so it not like I was going to complain about how much money got spent. I mean this was a really over the top bachelor party. I know that a lot of this guy’s friends are rich and apparently a number of them chipped in until they had a lot of money together. They found this Toronto party bus rental place and got three of those things for the night. The first thing that they did was to go from one club to the next, we did a lot of drinking and of course this is the sort of club where they have adult entertainment. I must admit that I was really impressed by the quality of the entertainers. That is not something you could call me an expert in. What is really the point of staring at a girl when that is the only thing that you can do. Continue reading →

You Can Go Home Again

When I was in high school I was a total band geek, frizzy hair, braces, the whole nine yards. I definitely was a late bloomer and I sure bloomed in college. I decided that if I ever got the chance to show the people in my home town how much I had changed I would. This silly plan included getting all dolled up and going to a professional stylist and I planned on getting one of those fancy Diamond limo party bus rentals. As the years have gone by though, I care less and less about what people think so I hadn’t planned on doing anything like that any time soon. Continue reading →

A Vacation That May Spark a Move

My husband of 20 years is originally from Spain. He was born there, and he left there when he was just 30 years old. We met, dated for 5 years, and then we married. Last month, he said that he was surprising me with a trip to his homeland for our 50th anniversary. This was very exciting to hear! And you can bet that visiting there made me think of what living in Tenerife would be like if we were to do that upon our retirement.

We had several children together, and our daughter had special needs that took up most of my free time when I was not working. Because of this, we really did not have much chance to run away for a long vacation, much less a short time. My husband did go home at times to spend time with his family, and there were several occasions that both his parents and his brothers came here to visit us. Continue reading →

Base Tendriling Travel Expenses

As business travel expenses nose upward, companies are realizing that better cost-management techniques can make a difference

US. corporate travel expenses rocketed to more than $143 billion in 1994, according to American Express’ most recent survey on business travel management. Private-sector employers spend an estimated $2,484 per employee on travel and entertainment, a 17 percent increase over the past four years.

Corporate T&E costs, now the third-largest controllable expense behind sales and data-processing costs, are under new scrutiny. Corporations are realizing that even a savings of 1 percent or 2 percent can translate into millions of dollars added to their bottom line.

Savings of that order are sure to get management’s attention, which is a requirement for this type of project. Involvement begins with understanding and evaluating the components of T&E management in order to control and monitor it more effectively.

Hands-on management includes assigning responsibility for travel management, implementing a quality-measurement system for travel services used, and writing and distributing a formal travel policy. Only 64 percent of U.S. corporations have travel policies.

Even with senior management’s support, the road to savings is rocky-only one in three companies has successfully instituted an internal program that will help cut travel expenses, and the myriad aspects of travel are so overwhelming, most companies don’t know where to start. “The industry of travel is based on information,” says Steven R. Schoen, founder and CEO of The Global Group Inc. “Until such time as a passenger actually sets foot on the plane, they’ve [only] been purchasing information.”

If that’s the case, information technology seems a viable place to hammer out those elusive, but highly sought-after, savings. “Technological innovations in the business travel industry are allowing firms to realize the potential of automation to control and reduce indirect [travel] costs,” says Roger H. Ballou, president of the Travel Services Group USA of American Express. “In addition, many companies are embarking on quality programs that include sophisticated process improvement and reengineering efforts designed to substantially improve T&E management processes and reduce indirect costs.”

As companies look to technology to make potential savings a reality, they can get very creative about the methods they employ.

The Great Leveler

Centralized reservation systems were long the exclusive domain of travel agents and other industry professionals. But all that changed in November 1992 when a Department of Transportation ruling allowed the general public access to systems such as Apollo and SABRE. Travel-management software, such as TripPower and TravelNet, immediately sprang up, providing corporations insight into where their T&E dollars are being spent.

The software tracks spending trends by interfacing with the corporation’s database and providing access to centralized reservation systems that provide immediate reservation information to airlines, hotels and car rental agencies. These programs also allow users to generate computerized travel reports on cost savings with details on where discounts were obtained, hotel and car usage and patterns of travel between cities. Actual data gives corporations added leverage when negotiating discounts with travel suppliers.

“When you own the information, you don’t have to go back to square one every time you decide to change agencies,” says Mary Savovie Stephens, travel manager for biotech giant Chiron Corp.

Sybase Inc., a client/server software leader with an annual T&E budget of more than $15 million, agrees. “Software gives us unprecedented visibility into how employees are spending their travel dollars and better leverage to negotiate with travel service suppliers,” says Robert Lerner, director of credit and corporate travel services for Sybase Inc. “We have better access to data, faster, in a real-time environment, which is expected to bring us big savings in T&E. Now we have control over our travel information and no longer have to depend exclusively on the agencies and airlines.”

The cost for this privilege depends on the volume of business. One-time purchases of travel-management software can run from under $100 to more than $125,000. Some software providers will accommodate smaller users by selling software piecemeal for $5 to $12 per booked trip, still a significant savings from the $50 industry norm per transaction.

No More Tickets

Paperless travel is catching on faster than the paperless office ever did as both service providers and consumers work together to reduce ticket prices for business travelers. Perhaps the most cutting-edge of the advances is “ticketless” travel, which almost all major airlines are testing.

In the meantime, travel providers and agencies are experimenting with new technologies to enable travelers to book travel services via the Internet, e-mail and unattended ticketing kiosks. Best Western International, Hyatt Hotels and several other major hotel chains market on the Internet. These services reduce the need for paper and offer better service and such peripheral benefits as increased efficiency, improved tracking of travel expenses and trends, and cost reduction.

Dennis Egolf, CFO of the Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Louisville, Ky., realized that the medical center’s decentralized location, a quarter-mile from the hospital, made efficiency difficult. “We were losing production time and things got lost,” he says. “Every memo had to be hand-carried for approval, and we required seven different copies of each travel order.” As a result, Egolf tried an off-the-shelf, paper-reduction software package designed for the federal government.

The software allows the hospital to manage travel on-line, from tracking per-diem allowances and calculating expenses to generating cash advance forms and authorizing reimbursement vouchers. The software also lets the hospital keep a running account of its travel expenses and its remaining travel budget.

“Today, for all practical purposes, the system is paperless,” says Egolf. The software has helped the hospital reduce document processing time by 93 percent. “The original goal focused on managing employee travel without paper,” he says. “We have achieved that goal, in part due to the efforts of the staff and in part due to the accuracy of the software.”

With only a $6,000 investment, the hospital saved $70 each employee trip and saved almost half of its $200,000 T&E budget through the paper-reduction program.

Out There

Consolidation of corporate travel arrangements by fewer agencies has been a growing trend since 1982. Nearly three out of four companies now make travel plans for their business locations through a single agency as opposed to 51 percent in 1988. Two major benefits of agency consolidation are the facilitation of accounting and T&E budgeting, as well as leverage in negotiating future travel discounts.

A major technological advance that allows this consolidation trend to flourish is the introduction of satellite ticket printers (STPs). Using STPs enables a travel agency to consolidate all operations to one home office, and still send all necessary tickets to various locations instantly via various wire services. As the term implies, the machinery prints out airline tickets on-site immediately, eliminating delivery charges.

For London Fog, STPs are a blessing. London Fog’s annual T&E budget of more than $15 million is split equally between its two locations in Eldersburg, Md., and New York City. Each location purchases the same number of tickets, so equal access to ticketing from their agency is a must. With an STP in their two locations, the company services both offices with one agency in Baltimore. Each office has access to immediate tickets and still manages to save by not having to pay courier and express mail charges that can range up to $15 for each of the more than 500 tickets each purchases annually.

Conde Nast Publications’ annual T&E budget of more than $20 million is allocated among its locations in Los Angeles, San Francisco, Chicago, New York and Detroit. Since 1994, travel arrangements have been handled by a centralized agency, Advanced Travel Management in New York City, by installing an STP in each of these five locations. In addition to increased efficiency due to consolidation, Conde Nast now has the ability to change travel plans at a moment’s notice and have new tickets in hand instantly.

The real benefit is that the machines are owned and maintained by the travel agency., so there is no cost to the company. Due to the major expense involved, however, STPs remain an option only for major ticket purchasers. “STPs are a viable option in this process for any location that purchases more than $500,000 per year in tickets,” says Shoen.

As airfare averages 43 percent of any company’s T&E expenses, savings obtainable through the various uses of technology have become dramatic. For example, the ability of corporations to collect and analyze their own travel trends has led to the creation of net-fare purchasing-negotiating a price between a corporation and an airline to purchase tickets that does not include the added expenses of commissions, overrides, transaction fees, agency transaction fees and other discounts.

Although most major U.S. carriers publicly proclaim that they don’t negotiate corporate discounts below published market fares, the American Express survey on business travel management found that 38 percent of U.S. companies had access to, or already had implemented, negotiated airline discounts. The availability and mechanics of these arrangements vary widely by carrier.

What’s the Price?

Fred Swaffer, transportation manager for Hewlett-Packard and a strong advocate of the net-pricing system, has pioneered the concept of fee-based pricing with travel-management companies under contract with H-P. He states that H-P, which spends more than $528 million per year on T&E, plans to have all air travel based on net-fare pricing. “At the present time, we have several net fares at various stages of agreement,” he says. “These fares are negotiated with the airlines at the corporate level, then trickle down to each of our seven geographical regions.”

Frank Kent, Western regional manager for United Airlines, concurs: “United Airlines participates in corporate volume discounting, such as bulk ticket purchases, but not with net pricing. I have yet to see one net-fare agreement that makes sense to us. We’re not opposed to it, but we just don’t understand it right now.”

Kent stresses, “Airlines should approach corporations with long-term strategic relationships rather than just discounts. We would like to see ourselves committed to a corporation rather than just involved.”

As business travel expenses nose upward, companies are realizing that better cost-management techniques can make a difference.

US. corporate travel expenses rocketed to more than $143 billion in 1994, according to American Express’ most recent survey on business travel management. Private-sector employers spend an estimated $2,484 per employee on travel and entertainment, a 17 percent increase over the past four years.

Corporate T&E costs, now the third-largest controllable expense behind sales and data-processing costs, are under new scrutiny. Corporations are realizing that even a savings of 1 percent or 2 percent can translate into millions of dollars added to their bottom line.

Savings of that order are sure to get management’s attention, which is a requirement for this type of project. Involvement begins with understanding and evaluating the components of T&E management in order to control and monitor it more effectively.

Hands-on management includes assigning responsibility for travel management, implementing a quality-measurement system for travel services used, and writing and distributing a formal travel policy. Only 64 percent of U.S. corporations have travel policies.

Even with senior management’s support, the road to savings is rocky-only one in three companies has successfully instituted an internal program that will help cut travel expenses, and the myriad aspects of travel are so overwhelming, most companies don’t know where to start. “The industry of travel is based on information,” says Steven R. Schoen, founder and CEO of The Global Group Inc. “Until such time as a passenger actually sets foot on the plane, they’ve [only] been purchasing information.”

If that’s the case, information technology seems a viable place to hammer out those elusive, but highly sought-after, savings. “Technological innovations in the business travel industry are allowing firms to realize the potential of automation to control and reduce indirect [travel] costs,” says Roger H. Ballou, president of the Travel Services Group USA of American Express. “In addition, many companies are embarking on quality programs that include sophisticated process improvement and reengineering efforts designed to substantially improve T&E management processes and reduce indirect costs.”

As companies look to technology to make potential savings a reality, they can get very creative about the methods they employ.

The Great Leveler

Centralized reservation systems were long the exclusive domain of travel agents and other industry professionals. But all that changed in November 1992 when a Department of Transportation ruling allowed the general public access to systems such as Apollo and SABRE. Travel-management software, such as TripPower and TravelNet, immediately sprang up, providing corporations insight into where their T&E dollars are being spent.

The software tracks spending trends by interfacing with the corporation’s database and providing access to centralized reservation systems that provide immediate reservation information to airlines, hotels and car rental agencies. These programs also allow users to generate computerized travel reports on cost savings with details on where discounts were obtained, hotel and car usage and patterns of travel between cities. Actual data gives corporations added leverage when negotiating discounts with travel suppliers.

“When you own the information, you don’t have to go back to square one every time you decide to change agencies,” says Mary Savovie Stephens, travel manager for biotech giant Chiron Corp.

Sybase Inc., a client/server software leader with an annual T&E budget of more than $15 million, agrees. “Software gives us unprecedented visibility into how employees are spending their travel dollars and better leverage to negotiate with travel service suppliers,” says Robert Lerner, director of credit and corporate travel services for Sybase Inc. “We have better access to data, faster, in a real-time environment, which is expected to bring us big savings in T&E. Now we have control over our travel information and no longer have to depend exclusively on the agencies and airlines.”

The cost for this privilege depends on the volume of business. One-time purchases of travel-management software can run from under $100 to more than $125,000. Some software providers will accommodate smaller users by selling software piecemeal for $5 to $12 per booked trip, still a significant savings from the $50 industry norm per transaction.

No More Tickets

Paperless travel is catching on faster than the paperless office ever did as both service providers and consumers work together to reduce ticket prices for business travelers. Perhaps the most cutting-edge of the advances is “ticketless” travel, which almost all major airlines are testing.

In the meantime, travel providers and agencies are experimenting with new technologies to enable travelers to book travel services via the Internet, e-mail and unattended ticketing kiosks. Best Western International, Hyatt Hotels and several other major hotel chains market on the Internet. These services reduce the need for paper and offer better service and such peripheral benefits as increased efficiency, improved tracking of travel expenses and trends, and cost reduction.

Dennis Egolf, CFO of the Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Louisville, Ky., realized that the medical center’s decentralized location, a quarter-mile from the hospital, made efficiency difficult. “We were losing production time and things got lost,” he says. “Every memo had to be hand-carried for approval, and we required seven different copies of each travel order.” As a result, Egolf tried an off-the-shelf, paper-reduction software package designed for the federal government.

The software allows the hospital to manage travel on-line, from tracking per-diem allowances and calculating expenses to generating cash advance forms and authorizing reimbursement vouchers. The software also lets the hospital keep a running account of its travel expenses and its remaining travel budget.

“Today, for all practical purposes, the system is paperless,” says Egolf. The software has helped the hospital reduce document processing time by 93 percent. “The original goal focused on managing employee travel without paper,” he says. “We have achieved that goal, in part due to the efforts of the staff and in part due to the accuracy of the software.”

With only a $6,000 investment, the hospital saved $70 each employee trip and saved almost half of its $200,000 T&E budget through the paper-reduction program.

Out There

Consolidation of corporate travel arrangements by fewer agencies has been a growing trend since 1982. Nearly three out of four companies now make travel plans for their business locations through a single agency as opposed to 51 percent in 1988. Two major benefits of agency consolidation are the facilitation of accounting and T&E budgeting, as well as leverage in negotiating future travel discounts.

A major technological advance that allows this consolidation trend to flourish is the introduction of satellite ticket printers (STPs). Using STPs enables a travel agency to consolidate all operations to one home office, and still send all necessary tickets to various locations instantly via various wire services. As the term implies, the machinery prints out airline tickets on-site immediately, eliminating delivery charges.

For London Fog, STPs are a blessing. London Fog’s annual T&E budget of more than $15 million is split equally between its two locations in Eldersburg, Md., and New York City. Each location purchases the same number of tickets, so equal access to ticketing from their agency is a must. With an STP in their two locations, the company services both offices with one agency in Baltimore. Each office has access to immediate tickets and still manages to save by not having to pay courier and express mail charges that can range up to $15 for each of the more than 500 tickets each purchases annually.

Conde Nast Publications’ annual T&E budget of more than $20 million is allocated among its locations in Los Angeles, San Francisco, Chicago, New York and Detroit. Since 1994, travel arrangements have been handled by a centralized agency, Advanced Travel Management in New York City, by installing an STP in each of these five locations. In addition to increased efficiency due to consolidation, Conde Nast now has the ability to change travel plans at a moment’s notice and have new tickets in hand instantly.

The real benefit is that the machines are owned and maintained by the travel agency., so there is no cost to the company. Due to the major expense involved, however, STPs remain an option only for major ticket purchasers. “STPs are a viable option in this process for any location that purchases more than $500,000 per year in tickets,” says Shoen.

As airfare averages 43 percent of any company’s T&E expenses, savings obtainable through the various uses of technology have become dramatic. For example, the ability of corporations to collect and analyze their own travel trends has led to the creation of net-fare purchasing-negotiating a price between a corporation and an airline to purchase tickets that does not include the added expenses of commissions, overrides, transaction fees, agency transaction fees and other discounts.

Although most major U.S. carriers publicly proclaim that they don’t negotiate corporate discounts below published market fares, the American Express survey on business travel management found that 38 percent of U.S. companies had access to, or already had implemented, negotiated airline discounts. The availability and mechanics of these arrangements vary widely by carrier.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/5175471

‘Burke’s the Butcher, Hare’s the Thief’: The Life of Serial Killer William Burke

William Burke was born in his native Ireland in 1792 and, even though his parents were poor, they believed in educating their children. When he finished his schooling he joined the militia, though after seven years his unit was disbanded and he went back to his childhood home to be a servant for a land owner. Leaving his home town and abandoning his wife and two children in 1817, he travelled to Scotland to work on the construction of the Union Canal.

Burke met Helen McDougal, a Scots woman, while working on the Union Canal and after they met he gave up construction work to work variously as a laborer, weaver, baker, and cobbler. By 1827, Burke and McDougal had been cohabiting together as common law spouses for a number of years and were generally perceived to be a respectable, married couple who had settled down with Burke finally opting for a career as a shoe maker. He was able to read and write and was charming and outgoing.

In late 1827 Burke and McDougal moved to Tanner’s Close in the West Port area of Edinburgh. It was here that William Burke would meet William Hare, a man with which he would become infamously linked in history, when he and McDougal moved into the lodging house run by Hare’s wife Margaret. The two couples became friendly but no-one could have suspected that the friendship would eventually lead to murder.

When a tenant at the lodging house died of natural causes owing Hare £4 in rent Burke helped Hare to dispose of the man’s body. Instead of burying him, they took the body to Edinburgh University Medical School searching for a buyer for the corpse in order to attempt to recoup the money owed to Hare. After little success, they happened upon a student of an anatomist named Dr. Robert Knox, who told them that Knox would pay good money for a cadaver and they sold the body for £7.10, the equivalent of $1,130.00 today.

Burke and Hare realized they could make a large amount of money supplying cadavers to medical schools and when the next opportunity presented itself to do this, their murder spree began. Burke and Hare’s first murder victim was a sick tenant named Joe the miller. They plied him with whisky before suffocating him. Joe was to be the first of sixteen victims who would lose their lives at the hands of Burke and Hare. For the most part, Burke and Hare targeted people who were unlikely to be missed, such as beggars and prostitutes, as their victims but they were not above murdering their own acquaintances. A cousin of Helen McDougal, Burke’s common law wife, lost her life at his hands.

Burke and Hare’s murder spree lasted for twelve months but it came to an abrupt end in October 1828 when a woman named Ann Gray became suspicious of them and discovered a body hidden under a bed in their house. Despite being offered the sum of huge sum of £10 to keep quiet, Mrs Gray refused and alerted the authorities. However, by the time police arrived at the scene the body had been transported to the medical school. Items belonging to other victims were discovered at the house but the evidence that the two men had actually committed murder was largely circumstantial. In order to secure a conviction, therefore, and satisfy a public that was baying for blood, the Lord Advocate Sir William Rae offered Hare immunity from prosecution if he testified against his friend, William Burke.

Burke was sentenced to death in December 1828 and hanged on January 28, 1829. Immediately after his death Burke’s death mask was cast and some of his skin was tanned and preserved. After wards, in a fitting act of posthumous punishment, his body was dissected at the Edinburgh University Medical School. His skeleton was preserved as an exhibit.

Hare was released along with McDougal, though they did not escape lightly. McDougal was attacked by an angry mob and just escaped being hanged herself, before fleeing Edinburgh, never to be heard of again. Hare was released from prison in February 1829 and also disappeared into history.

William Burke’s decision to enter into a murderous partnership with William Hare is puzzling. Why would a skilled man who seemed to have a good, stable, home life resort to such disturbing criminality? It is highly unusual for the criminal acts of a serial murderer to be driven purely by profit. It is unlikely that we will ever find an answer for William Burke’s choice. However, his name and that of William Hare will never be forgotten and we can only hope their descendants were able to escape their torrid history.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/6629365

A comprehensive list of travel agents

 

Travel – it is the most inevitable part in many people’s life. Business travel and leisure travel are that two types of travel that is mostly prevalent. Whatever type of travel that you may need to undertake, it would definitely involve a certain degree of preparation from your part.

However, there has been a sea change in the preparation scenario. Yes, gone are the days where you were required to make all your travel arrangements without adequate guidance.

Travel agents and efficient ones at that, are functioning across the globe. With many of them vying with each other to sign up a customer, there is a confusion that prevails among the travelers. Do I get the best deal? Am I dealing with a licensed travel agent? Will my tour be hassle free? These are some of the questions that are foremost in the minds of a traveler trying to book a travel agent.

 

All these questions will be satisfactorily resolved if you can get hold of a comprehensive travel agent guide. When you have comprehensive list of agents, you can check out each and everyone on the list by either calling them up or visiting their website to find out about the services rendered by them.

 

The World Wide Web is playing a very vital role in the life of every individual who has access to the internet. You can select a travel agent on the internet, check out their services, and book them online in a jiffy. And, interestingly you can do all this no matter in which part of the world you happen to live in.

 

If you have been planning to go on a tour along with family and friends, then you would want it to be comfortable. But in case the cost factor plays a pivotal role in your tour idea, it is important that you check out for travel agents that will work a plan that will be within your budget. Many agents do understand that affordability is an important factor in attracting clients and hence work a plan that would be suitable for one and all.

 

Apart from merely booking the flight, train,or bus tickets, an agent should also take care of your local transportation, sight seeing, book hotels or bed and breakfast, arrange for guides etc. All these additional services are very important for a traveler.

 

ThereforeFind Article, choose the best one from a comprehensive list of travel agents and make your tour a grand success.

Burke Family Offers Dentistry Solutions

 

Considering the basic definition that dentistry is the study and practice of diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases of the mouth, like any other body part, the oral cavity also deman…

Implants: Dental implants permanently replace missing teeth without dentures. A titanium post or holder is placed in the jaw as the root of an artificial tooth. The titanium post is then attached to a porcelain crown to restore the visible part of the tooth. Once the procedure is completed, an implant is as good and strong as a natural tooth.Considering the basic definition that dentistry is the study and practice of diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases of the mouth, like any other body part, the oral cavity also demands medical attention. There are several problems one can face in this oral cavity, like gum recession, mouth ulcer, dental abscess (which is a collection of pus around teeth and gum) and other dental infections. There is a huge range of general dentistry procedures available like, root canals, oral surgery, teeth extractions, dental bonding, dentures etc. A brief description of each is as below:

  • Full Mouth Rehabilitation:Full mouth rehabilitation is concerned with restoration of the teeth, bite and muscles to a natural condition. This procedure combines computerized technology with the skill of an expert. This procedure can provide an answer to multiple problems.

  • Invisalign: Thisis also known as invisible braces. You need not put on metallic braces anymore since Invisalign uses clear plastic aligners that look similar to transparent athletic mouth guards. These aligners are custom made and are prefect for you if you thought braces are for young people and kids.

  • Smile design:This procedure requires proper training, talent and experience of an expert. When your new smile is designed, this procedure takes into consideration your entire face specially your eyes, coloring, gum tissue and lip line.

  • Dental bonding: This process is an effective way of dealing with cosmetic flaws in the teeth. This process is also helpful in restoring damaged tooth structure and can also be used to conceal cracks, stains and gaps. Chipped and broken teeth can also be repaired using this technique.

Dentistry consists of many other procedures like apicectomy, bruxium, treatment of mouth ulcer, oral cancer, gum disease and tooth decay etc. There are several well known dentist clinics particularly in Burke who can give you an amazing facial makeover with their variety of tooth treatments. Since our teeth are an important part of your body, a visit to the dentist is advised if any problem regarding the teeth arises. Ignoring tooth problems may lead to infections, tooth lossArticle Submission, or even severe damage.

A Miller Plasma Cutter Is a Precision Tool

 

Miller plasma cutters are one of the most widely used plasma cutting equipments delivering top notch performances. They are of low cost ensuring wide application of these devices. Plasma cutting has evolved over the years as a very efficient method of cutting metals. The cutting edge technologies employed in Miller plasma cutters are suitable to meet every metal cutting operation.

The working of a plasma cutter involves the application of plasma torch to cut metals such as steel of varying thickness. Traditional metal cutting devices such as saws and shears had serious disadvantages associated with them. The rate of work was slow and the cost of replacements brought down the overall efficiency drastically.
Another type of metal cutter that was in use was oxy fuel cutters. They delivered high performance compared to saws and cutting shears, but the work was never clean. Special labor had to be employed to clean up the metal cutting leftovers.
Miller plasma cutters are based on a novel technique which ensures fast and high quality works. They make use of highly pressurized air or other non-reactive gases. The gas is let out at high velocities through a nozzle and which creates an impact on the metal surface. Simultaneously, an electric arc is produced which is capable of converting this gas under high pressure into plasma. The high temperature plasma formed is capable of melting the metal at the desired point. Since the plasma is a semi-liquid it can clear off the molten metal from the metal surface after the cut.
This type of cutters can be employed for cutting almost any metal which has the ability to conduct electricity. It is to be noted that the efficiency of the work depends on the output power generated. The thermal dynamics causing the cutting effect varies from plasma cutters and the specific metal on which it is used.
Various metals require different quantities of output power. Further it is dependent on the metal thickness and the depth to which it should be cut. The cutting intensity can be manipulated by making suitable adjustments to the nozzle head and regulating the volume of air or gas through the nozzle.
There are three types of cut that can be delivered using Miller plasma cutter. They are known as quality cuts, sever cuts and rated cuts. They differ with the intensity of application and the quality of metal on which they are employed.

Since the power requirement for various metals are different, unique Miller plasma cutters are available for different metals. Using the exact type of plasma cutter recommended yields accurate flow characteristics which increases the cutting speeds and guarantees longer life for the consumable set.
Miller plasma cutters are very user-friendly. They can be easily assembled for use. The basic operation to be performed is connecting the compressed air source and the plasma cutter.
As with all operations involving high temperature products and pressurized gasesScience Articles, proper measures for personal safety as well as protection for the Miller plasma cutter should be strictly adhered to.

Edmund Burke & His Views on Representative Government

 

Edmund Burke, an Irish statesman and political theorist, is viewed as the founder of conservativism. Burke believed that government should be representative of its people by serving their common good.

Edmund Burke argues that the representatives elected to a government have the responsibility to vote according to their own judgments in the pursuit of the common good, rather than the judgments of the people that elected them.  This is surely the ideal manner in which the government should conduct itself.  It stands to sound reason that the government should be impartial in all decisions regarding things that would be good for the country as a whole, or the national interest.  However, having said this, it is also undeniable that this form of government can easily lead to the alienation of the people as whole, rather than the alienation of public opinion.  It is true that public opinion is incredible volatile in determining policies that would benefit the country, the absence of the people from the government could lead to an incredible disaster.  The government must be familiar with the desires of the people in order to maintain an accurate definition of what the national interest is.  Numbers and facts often do not tell the entire story on the state of the nation as a whole.  When the people are eliminated completely from the decision making process of government, the government itself ceases to become a representative body of legislature, and rather becomes a governing body completely out of touch and unfamiliar with the people it controls.  If the government is unfamiliar with the people it governs entirely, it cannot effectively serve those people in any kind of a meaningful way, and thus, on this level, Burke’s theories on representative government are rather impractical.  While it would be incredibly ideal to have representatives in government who know exactly what their people need and serve that, rather than what they want, this is not how Burke’s system of government functions in a large reality such as the United States government.  Such a system often leads to not only unhappy people, but an unhappy, unstable, and ineffective country as a whole.The notion of the value of popular opinion in government has long remained one of the most hotly debated issues of public representation since the inception of representative government.  Though the representatives in a governmental body are undoubtedly there to serve the people they govern, the question remains whether they serve their people better by voting in the pursuit of the common good or rather they vote toward the opinions of their immediate constituents.  Edmund Burke argues in favor of a representative government that serves its people through the pursuit of the common good rather their constituent opinions, and furthermore, argues that the latter philosophy on representative government is not only harmful to the effectiveness of a the government as a whole, but is destructive to the entire governmental system.  In his Speech to the Electors of Bristol, Burke claims that the representatives in a government maintain the distinct responsibility to serve the government and the country, and not be swayed by the whims of the people that elected them but rather serve them through service to the country as a whole.  This idea stands in direct contrast to the concept of populism, and downright debunks this ideology to an extent.  Burke is correct in his claim that a representative does hold the responsibility to serve his or her country rather than just a small group of interests, however, in a practical sense, this form of representative government often alienates the people’s interests entirely.  The national interest is a very vague concept however, and is more readily defined by the majority opinion, rather than through contrary foresight.  Burke’s argument practically falls apart if one defines the national interest as a concept determined by the people as a whole.  The current system of government in the United States has undoubtedly deviated from Burke’s original opinions, centering much more on the opinions of the people rather than the judgment of the elected officials themselves.  This has surely limited the freedom of the representatives and forever chained them to their electorate.  Through an analysis of Burke’s ideologies, it becomes incredibly clear the intention of representative democracy as a whole and the original intent of the United States governmental system.

           
The national interest is an inseparable part of representative democracy, and remains at the very heart of Burke’s philosophy regarding governmental responsibility.  Though the government truly exists to serve the national interest, the question remains whether the national interest exists, or if it is just an ideal concept intended to illustrate the way government is supposed to work, rather than how it does work.  Burke claims that the national interest takes precedence over all kinds of local interests and public opinion.  However, it is debatable whether any representative is truly aware of the national interest in general.  The national interest is the policies and laws that the country requires to function effectively and to please its people.  By this definition however, it stands to reason that anyone who has knowledge of the national interest possesses incredible foresight regarding the state of the country.  Edmund Burke distinguishes between the national interest and the opinion of the people as two separate entities.  Interestingly enough, if one defines the national interest as the majority opinion of the nation, then the two concepts of national interest and public opinion become virtually the same in nature.  If one holds the opinion that national interest is defined by the people, then Burke’s argument promptly falls to pieces.  One cannot separate national interest from personal opinions if they are defined by one another and thus, ignoring, or rather selectively absorbing public opinion actually deprives legislatures of the pertinent information they need regarding the needs of their country.  Through this analysis, one can see that Burke’s argument is rather idealistic in nature, and requires the representatives to rely on a higher power in order to glean an effective strategy for government.  Where does this wisdom truly come from?  If there is no higher power to guide the representatives, are they not simply avoiding the obvious truth that they are there to serve the people, and as a result must listen to them?  As Burke bases his argument on this idealistic notion of a higher power, his argument falls apart at the definition of national interest.
    
When one applies Edmund Burke’s political and governmental theory to the modern United States government, one is undoubtedly going to find a significant different between the two political philosophies.  Though Burke argued that representative government that pandered to its constituents is destructive and ineffective, the United States government does exactly this.  Representatives of the United States government often are forced to pander to their constituents in order to get reelected.  Through the institution of term limits, the United States has allowed representatives to be checked by their constituents.  This virtually limits the freedom of decision that a legislature would have if it did not have to worry about its job depending on the opinion of the people it represented.  Unfortunately, in the United States, the people define the government as good when it serves them directly.  This requires the government to serve the interests of a variety of political philosophies and social ideologies.  In doing so, the government not only grossly overextends itself, but it often divides over politically sensitive issues such as taxes.  The people of the United States do not care whether the government is serving the national interest, in the short term or the long term.  The government has become an entirely results driven institution.  If the people do not approve of the decisions of a representative, he or she will lose their job.  Through this system, the government has become incredibly ineffective, as Burke predicted that it would.   The system in action prevents representatives from serving the country first, and rather forces them to pander to the minor whims and desires of those who elected them.  In doing so, this has greatly reduced the capacity for action in the Federal government, with the debate over petty social issues such as abortion ruling the legislative capabilities of Congress.  With a two party system, the government is divided between two entirely different sets of interests and goals intended to please the very people that put them in office.  This system has done exactly what Burke predicted that it would, and in doing so, vindicates Burke to some extent in his political philosophy. 

Regardless of the methods involved, representative government is intended to serve the people, whether through the pursuit of the national interest or through the placation of a representative’s constituents.   As long as man has walked the earth, he has searched for a way to modify his surroundings in order to better live.  This is precisely the purpose of representative government.  However, as Edmund Burke describes in his Speech to the Electors of Bristol, representative government should ideally not be placed entirely subject to the fickle and often selfish whims of the general population.  These ideas greatly influenced the political philosophies of the founding fathers as they created a new government and a new country, the United States of America.  Unfortunately, though Burke is correct in theory, the practice of his political ideology often leads to a total alienation of the people from the governmental process that control them, resulting in an unhappy populace.  Additionally, if one considers the national interest to be defined by the majority of opinion in a country, then Burke’s argument promptly falls apart due to the combination of the two distinctions he makes, the national interest and the opinions of the constituents.  When applied to the modern governmental system of the United States, one can barely see remnants of Burke’s political ideology in Congress.  Representatives are often slaves and workhorses of the people they represent, living in constant fear that they may lose their job if they fail to produce what their base considers progress.  This governmental system prevents legislatures from acting freely in their decisions, and somewhat vindicates Burke’s political theories.  However, when examined from a realistic perspective, one must understand that people must play an active role in their government, not to prevent their representatives from acting freeHealth Fitness Articles, but to ensure that those representing them are connected with a relevant common good for all.

Scott Miller and the ICCE

 

Renowned psychologist Scott Miller is perhaps best known for being the founder of the prestigious International Center for Clinical Excellence, or the ICCE. Read on to learn more about his work and the formation of this group.

Renowned psychologist Scott Miller is perhaps best known for being the founder of the prestigious International Center for Clinical Excellence, or the ICCE. The ICCE was formed to act as a group where clinicians and researchers from around the world could promote better behavioral health services in the sciences. For his part, Dr. Miller not only acts as the head of the ICCE, but takes his lectures and workshops around the world on a regular basis, teaching advanced methods of advancing behavioral health to organizations such as schools and hospitals. Experts in the field and those who have attended his workshops have long praised him for his ability to bring psychology to the masses with an engaging style.

In addition to his work with the ICCE, Scott Miller has also authored a number of books and articles pertaining to the field of mental health. These include Escape from Babel, The Heart and Soul of Change, The Heroic Client, and Staying on Top and Keeping the Sand Out of Your Pants: The Surfer’s Guide to the Good Life.

It is the ICCE, however, that is Scott Miller’s crowning achievement. The ICCE brings together specialists and workers from America and abroad together, all of them with a single purpose in mind. That purpose is to raise the bar when it comes to how behavioral healthcare services are provided at clinics and private practices around the world. As part of this singular purpose, many of these professionals meet and discuss online strategies that have worked (and those that have not), in an effort to use the medium of worldwide technology to further the science. Additionally, the online community acts as a sounding board where mental health professionals can propose new and exciting ideas about providing better service to patients.

In an attempt to bring even more healthcare professionals into the mix, the ICCE has begun to plan in-person retreats where intense training can be held, with those attending taking what they’ve learned back to their home base. These trainings focus on a number of fundamental factors that play in to clinical work. These include looking at how feedback affects clinical work, using a number of theories and putting them together to enhance client engagement, and how to use various management tools and strategies to make a clinical practice run more smoothly. These trainings are designed to invite professionals from every level and discipline of clinical practice to learn from Scott Miller and other highly respected psychologists and psychiatrists.